Cheshire County, New Hampshire

By | May 1, 2023

Cheshire County, New Hampshire is an area of natural beauty located in the southwestern corner of the state. The county covers an area of 1,914 square miles and is home to a population of just over 77,000 people.

The geography of Cheshire County is diverse and varied. The southern part of the county is dominated by the Monadnock Mountains which stretch from east to west across the county. This mountain range includes several peaks over 2,000 feet in elevation including Mount Monadnock which stands at 3,165 feet tall and is one of the most popular hiking destinations in New England. In addition to this mountain range, there are several other smaller hills and mountains throughout the county offering plenty of opportunities for outdoor recreation.

The northern part of Cheshire County is mostly rolling hills with some valleys scattered throughout. This region also contains several lakes and ponds including Lake Sunapee which sits on Cheshire’s western border and provides ample opportunities for fishing, swimming and boating during the warmer months.

In addition to its mountainous terrain, Cheshire County also boasts many rivers including Ashuelot River which runs through its southern region providing a source for recreation as well as drinking water for many communities within its borders. The Connecticut River also passes through Cheshire County from east to west offering plenty of opportunities for fishing and other water activities such as rafting or kayaking during certain times of year.

Cheshire County’s terrain also includes many forests that offer ample opportunity for hiking, camping or simply enjoying nature’s beauty as it changes with each season. These forests are home to a variety of wildlife including deer, bear, foxes and numerous species of birds making them perfect habitats for nature lovers looking to experience New Hampshire’s natural beauty up close.

Cheshire County, New Hampshire

Country Seat and Other Main Cities of Cheshire County, New Hampshire

Cheshire County’s county seat is the city of Keene, which is located in southwestern New Hampshire and is home to just over 23,000 people. It is the largest city in Cheshire County and serves as the commercial, educational, and cultural hub for the region. The downtown area of Keene boasts a variety of restaurants, shops, galleries, and entertainment venues that draw visitors from all over the state. The historic district of the city contains many beautifully preserved 18th and 19th century buildings that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Other cities in Cheshire County include Swanzey which has a population of around 5,000 people and serves as a center for agriculture and tourism in the region. Jaffrey also has a population of around 5,000 people and has become an increasingly popular destination for outdoor recreation including hiking trails at Monadnock State Park. See cities in New Hampshire.

The town of Rindge has a population just under 4,000 people and is known for its beautiful views of Mount Monadnock. It also contains several lakes including Lake Contoocook which offers plenty of opportunities for fishing or swimming during warmer months.

The town of Hinsdale has a population around 1,500 people and serves as an important stop along Route 9 – one of New Hampshire’s most scenic highways. It also contains several parks with walking trails that offer stunning views of both Mount Monadnock and surrounding farmland.

Finally, Marlborough boasts a population just over 1,200 people and contains several historic sites including Marlborough Meeting House – one of the oldest churches in all New England. This small town also offers plenty of opportunities for outdoor recreation such as fishing or canoeing on nearby Spofford Lake or hiking through nearby Pisgah State Park.

Cheshire County’s towns are full of history, culture, nature beauty; making it an ideal place to visit or live.

History of Cheshire County, New Hampshire

Cheshire County has a long and storied history that dates back to the colonial days. The county was established in 1771, when it was split off from neighboring Hillsborough County. It was named after Cheshire, England, and its county seat is Keene, which is located in southwestern New Hampshire near the Vermont border.

The first settlers of the region were mainly farmers who moved to the area to establish their homesteads and raise crops. The area quickly became known for its rich soil and abundance of natural resources such as timber and minerals. As time went on, small villages began to spring up throughout the county including Swanzey, Jaffrey, Rindge, Hinsdale, Marlborough and others.

During the American Revolution, Cheshire County played an important role in supplying troops with food and supplies as well as providing refuge for those fleeing from persecution by British forces. After the war ended in 1783 many veterans settled in Cheshire County where they were granted land grants by the state of New Hampshire.

In the early 19th century a number of new industries began to emerge in Cheshire County including textiles mills, paper mills and other manufacturing businesses which helped fuel economic growth throughout the region. Additionally, transportation infrastructure such as canals and railroads were built which further improved access to markets both locally and abroad.

The 20th century saw continued growth throughout Cheshire County with new businesses moving into the area as well as a number of educational institutions being established including Keene State College which opened its doors in 1909. Today Cheshire County continues to be an important part of New Hampshire’s economy with its diverse mix of industries ranging from agriculture to technology-based companies located throughout its townships.

Economy of Cheshire County, New Hampshire

The economy of Cheshire County is largely driven by the multiple industries located throughout its townships. Agriculture has been an important part of the county’s economy since colonial times and still plays a role today with many farms located in the area. In addition, there are a number of manufacturing businesses such as textiles mills, paper mills and other industrial operations which have been in operation for centuries.

In recent years, Cheshire County has seen an influx of technology-based companies which have helped to diversify the region’s economy. These companies are often drawn to the area due to its access to transportation infrastructure such as highways, airports and ports as well as its proximity to major cities in New England. Additionally, Keene State College has provided a steady source of employment for local residents since it opened its doors in 1909.

The tourism industry is also a major contributor to Cheshire County’s economy with thousands of people visiting each year from all over the world. Tourists often come to enjoy the county’s picturesque scenery including its rolling hills and vast forests as well as various outdoor activities such as hiking, kayaking and skiing that can be found throughout the area. Additionally, there are numerous cultural attractions located throughout Cheshire County such as museums, galleries and historical sites which draw visitors from near and far.

Overall, Cheshire County offers a diverse economic landscape that continues to evolve over time while still maintaining its rural roots. The combination of traditional industries such as agriculture with modern technology-based businesses provides residents with a wide range of job opportunities while also allowing visitors to enjoy all that the region has to offer.