A crime is a behavior that, either by choice or recklessness, is contrary to what is established by law. The crime, therefore, implies a violation of the current norms, which makes it deserve a punishment or penalty.
Beyond the laws, any action that is reprehensible from an ethical or moral point of view is known as a crime. For example: “Spending so much money on shoes is a crime”, “My grandmother taught me that throwing food in the garbage is a crime”.
Committing a crime can land a person in jail.
Civil offense and criminal offense
In the judicial sense, it is possible to distinguish between a civil offense (the action that is carried out intentionally to harm a third party) and a criminal offense (which is also typified and punished by criminal law).
There is a fairly broad classification of the different types of crime. An intentional crime is one that is committed with conscience, that is, the author wanted to do what he did. In this sense, it is opposed to culpable crime, where the fault occurs from not complying with or respecting the obligation of care. A murder is an intentional crime; instead, an accident where a person dies is a wrongful offense.
A crime by commission, on the other hand, is produced from the behavior of the author, while a crime by omission is the result of abstention. Crimes by omission are divided into crimes by own omission (set by the criminal code) and crimes by improper omission (they are not included in the criminal code).
Piracy is a crime that is often the subject of debate.
So- called pirate copies certainly weren’t born with the Internet; the effect this had on the illegal distribution of works was much worse than a simple increase in the percentage of thefts: it managed to convince people that accessing protected content without paying for it was not a crime.
It is impossible to travel back in time fifty years ago and talk to people with profiles similar to those who today download movies illegally without any problem to find out their opinion about this phenomenon. -Excuse me, ma’am, do you think it’s right to get Barbra Streisand’s music without paying for it? Do you think it is correct or respectable morality to sneak into the cinema without paying the ticket? – Surely, a large percentage of people with lives equivalent to the current neo -pirates would answer that it is a reprehensible attitude.
The case of anime subtitling and distribution: crime or cultural diffusion?
A particular case is the one that occurs with Japanese culture, which is highly appreciated throughout the world. Many anime lovers who do not have enough knowledge of the oriental language to enjoy the original versions, long for the series to be subtitled so as not to be forced to listen to the dubbing, since these take away the magic of the work. However, much of this cultural baggage is not even distributed outside of Japan.
Is it then legal for someone to take the trouble to subtitle an animated series made by other people and distribute it for free? There will be those who say that they use it as study material and that they do not consider it unfair. But whether we like it or not, there are laws that protect intellectual property, and surely a more civilized way could be found to get creators to export their works to the rest of the world. Surely it would help to convince them of the success that this activity would have outside their country if making fun of Eastern people was not part of more than one Western culture.
Undoubtedly, the fall of Megaupload, the best-known distributor of illegal copies of movies and music, has had a considerable impact on the different markets. This, added to the fact that many similar sites disappeared shortly after and the emergence and proliferation of services such as Spotify and Netflix, may represent the beginning of a positive change.