Upbringing is called the act and the consequence of raising: caring for, feeding and educating a living being, or producing or developing something. The concept is usually applied to the task carried out by the parents or guardians of a child during the first years of his life.
For example: “There are various ways of parenting: each parent must choose the one that suits their principles and ideas”, “After the tragic death of the couple, the maternal grandparents took over the child’s upbringing”, “The State must assist parents without resources in the upbringing of their children”.
Raising children implies providing them with adequate material and emotional support so that they can fully develop their abilities. Children need accompaniment from adults to survive in childhood and reach maturity in a healthy and full way.
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While we cannot live adequately in society without money and material belongings, love, support, understanding and compassion are worth much more than gold, and are the fundamental components of good parenting: everything else can be achieved over time.
The primary responsibility for upbringing rests with the parents (biological or adoptive) or guardians of the minor. In any case, the process takes place in interaction with society in general and with the State. The law establishes certain obligations that those responsible for a child must comply with, including sending the child to school.
It is important to mention that there is no single way of parenting: it can be permissive, authoritarian, democratic, etc. There are parents, in this framework, who give children a lot of freedom, while others opt for overprotection.
As in any other subject related to human emotions, extremes are not healthy, even if at first they seem the most “fair” option. Due to issues related to our own nature, our organism needs many years of development before reaching a state of total autonomy in which it can make all the decisions concerning its safety and growth. This leads us to think that an upbringing based on total freedom can be very harmful to a child.
Of course, during the development stage, at very specific moments, freedom generates an apparently positive response: what child would object to deciding where the whole family will go on vacation or what things to buy with the money that their parents have saved all year? ? Surely the possibility of making these and other decisions will put a smile on your face, but as you approach adulthood, the problems of adaptation to society will begin, where your influence is negligible compared to what you had at home..
On the other hand, parenting based on overprotection may seem opposite at first glance, but the consequences are not so different. During the development of a child, having her eldest always by her side, accompanying her every step and warning her about how dangerous the outside world is can be comforting; however, when he finally lets go of her hand and finds himself alone in front of the rest of society, he discovers that he doesn’t have the necessary tools to live on his own.
In recent years there has been a boom in so-called attachment parenting, which supports the need to establish a very strong emotional bond with the child during childhood so that the child can later develop an independent and secure personality. Attachment parenting encourages maternal contact for as long as possible and responds sensitively to each of the baby’s needs.