Peru, Nebraska

By | March 11, 2023

Peru, Nebraska is located in the southeastern corner of the state. It has a population of 1,001 according to the 2019 census. The town is situated in a beautiful rural setting with rolling hills and open fields. The climate is mild throughout the year, with hot summers and cold winters.

The history of Peru dates back to 1857 when it was founded by settlers from Germany, Sweden, and Norway. The town has seen significant growth since then and now serves as a major agricultural hub for the region. Peru is home to several political entities including a mayor, council members, and various committees that oversee local government operations.

The economy in Peru is primarily based on agriculture and related services such as livestock production, grain processing, feed mills, and other agribusinesses. There are also several small businesses that provide goods and services to the community including restaurants, retail stores, banks, auto repair shops and more.

Peru is served by two school districts: Peru Public Schools which consists of an elementary school serving grades K-6; junior high school serving grades 7-8; high school serving grades 9-12; and an alternative learning center for at-risk students; as well as the Nebraska City Public Schools which consists of an elementary school serving grades K-6; middle school serving grades 7-8; high school serving grades 9-12; vocational technical center offering career courses for high school students; adult education center for adults desiring to finish their education or take classes for personal development or career advancement.

The most notable landmark in Peru is its historic downtown district which includes many buildings from its early days such as churches built in the 1800s and old brick storefronts dating back over 100 years ago. Other attractions include local parks like McCarty Park & Nature Preserve where visitors can enjoy nature trails or take part in recreational activities like fishing or boating on nearby lakes & streams. The city also features several museums such as Nebraska’s Sesquicentennial Museum & Archives which celebrates 150 years of statehood through interactive exhibits about Nebraska’s unique history & culture.

Peru, Nebraska

Population: 569
Males: 290 (51.0%), Females: 279 (49.0%)

Nemaha County

Zip code: 68421

Median resident age: 28.7 years
Median household income: $27,216
Median house value: $37,400

Races in Peru:

  • White Non-Hispanic (95.6%)
  • Hispanic (3.0%)
  • Other race (1.8%)
  • Two or more races (0.7%)
  • American Indian (0.5%)

Ancestries: German (33.0%), Irish (16.9%), English (14.8%), United States (13.0%), Czech (5.3%), Welsh (3.7%).

Elevation: 951 feet

Land area: 0.5 square miles


Peru, Nebraska is a small town located in Nemaha County with a population of 1,063 according to the 2010 census. The median income for a household in the town was $51,000, and the median income for a family was $55,000. The per capita income for the town was $19,625.

The cost of living in Peru is very low compared to other towns and cities in Nebraska. The average cost of housing is around $100,000 and utilities are also very affordable at an average of $100 per month. Groceries and other necessities are slightly more expensive than other parts of Nebraska but still quite affordable. For example, gas prices are typically around 15-20 cents per gallon cheaper than the state average. Property taxes are also low at only 1% of the assessed value which makes buying a home or property more attractive than other parts of the state. Additionally, there are no sales taxes in Peru so shopping can be done without worrying about additional costs.

For population 25 years and over in Peru

  • High school or higher: 81.3%
  • Bachelor’s degree or higher: 27.7%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 11.9%
  • Unemployed: 3.5%
  • Mean travel time to work: 19.7 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Peru city

  • Never married: 35.7%
  • Now married: 46.7%
  • Separated: 1.1%
  • Widowed: 6.9%
  • Divorced: 9.6%

1.2% Foreign born


Hospitals/medical centers near Peru:



Airports certified for carrier operations nearest to Peru:

  • EPPLEY AIRFIELD (about 58 miles; OMAHA, NE; Abbreviation: OMA)
  • LINCOLN MUNI (about 75 miles; LINCOLN, NE; Abbreviation: LNK)
  • ROSECRANS MEMORIAL (about 76 miles; ST JOSEPH, MO; Abbreviation: STJ)

Other public-use airports nearest to Peru:

  • FARINGTON FIELD (about 8 miles; AUBURN, NE; Abbreviation: K01)
  • NEBRASKA CITY MUNICIPAL (about 12 miles; NEBRASKA CITY, NE; Abbreviation: AFK)
  • GOULD PETERSON MUNI (about 27 miles; TARKIO, MO; Abbreviation: K57)

According to andyeducation, Nebraska has the following colleges and schools:

Colleges and Universities

College/University in Peru:

  • PERU STATE COLLEGE (Full-time enrollment: 1,210; Location: PO BOX 10; Public; Website:; Offers Master’s degree)

Colleges and Universities

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Peru:

  • BELLEVUE UNIVERSITY (about 48 miles; BELLEVUE, NE; Full-time enrollment: 2,723)
  • IOWA WESTERN COMMUNITY COLLEGE (about 55 miles; COUNCIL BLUFFS, IA; Full-time enrollment: 2,840)
  • METROPOLITAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE AREA (about 59 miles; OMAHA, NE; Full-time enrollment: 6,175)
  • NORTHWEST MISSOURI STATE UNIVERSITY (about 60 miles; MARYVILLE, MO; Full-time enrollment: 5,620)
  • UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA AT OMAHA (about 64 miles; OMAHA, NE; Full-time enrollment: 10,150)
  • CREIGHTON UNIVERSITY (about 64 miles; OMAHA, NE; Full-time enrollment: 5,806)
  • UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA MEDICAL CENTER (about 64 miles; OMAHA, NE; Full-time enrollment: 2,448)